What is Sentence in English?

In this article, we will discuss what is sentence in English?, Parts of sentence, and Types of sentences: Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, and Exclamatory sentences.

What is Sentence?

A sentence is a group of words that helps a person to express himself.

In every communication, there is a need of a group of words to communicate. Such a group of words, which can communicate a complete message is called a sentence.

For Example:

  • I am going to school.
  • James is a doctor.
  • What is your name?
  • My name is Tony.

In any language,

  • Letters help in making words.
  • Words help in making Sentences.
  • Sentences help in making Paragraphs.

Actually, a sentence is a collection of meaningful words that helps to share our thoughts or ideas with other persons.

To write or speak any language, you need words. These meaningful word helps to create a sentence which helps a person to express himself.


A sentence can be one word or more than one word, means if a single word is sufficient to express himself than that word is also a sentence.

For example,

  • Mother: Do you want to go to school?
  • Son: No.
  • Mother: Why?
  • Son: I am not feeling well today.

In the above example, all are the sentences, because all these single words are sufficient to express himself. If you convey a message in a single word, so that is also called a sentence.


A group of words doesn’t mean it makes a sentence, those words which make complete sense (you can understand), is called a Sentence.

Actually, Sentences are arranged in a systematic way that gives us complete sense.

Example 1:

  • Rahul is reading a book.
  • book rahul a reading is.

Example 2:

  • John is a Good Boy.   
  • Boy is good John.     


Parts of Sentence

Every sentence consists of two parts:

Subject + Predicate



A subject is what we are talking about. It can be a noun or pronoun that performs some action.

What is being told about that sentence is the subject of that sentence.

The subject is a noun or pronoun, which has been being talked about or that which is doing that work.


Predicate shows some details about the subject. It contains a verb that explains about the subject or what subject is doing and also contains objects that are affected by the subject’s actions.

For Example,

  • I love you.
  • You are beautiful
  • He opened the door.
  • Rohit pushed sunny.



Types of Sentence

  • Assertive or Declarative sentence (statement: fact, opinion or an idea)
  • Interrogative sentence (question)
  • Imperative sentence (command: order, advice, or request)
  • Exclamatory sentence (exclamation)

Types of Sentence Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory Sentence image 1


Assertive or Declarative sentence

Those sentences make statements or assertions. These sentences can be a fact, opinion, or idea.

For example,

  • John is a good boy.
  • Snow is white.
  • I love chocolates.
  • Gold is Yellow.
  • The sun rises in the east.

Interrogative sentence

Such sentences are used to ask questions. If someone asks you a question than it is an interrogative sentence.

These types of sentences are asked to take information and always end with a question (?) mark.

For example,

  • What is your name?
  • Are you playing?
  • Did he come here?
  • Do you speak the truth?


Imperative sentence

Such sentences are used to permit command or request.

When someone gives you order, advice, or request, then those are imperative sentences.

For example,

  • Open the door.
  • Be quiet.
  • Never tell a lie.
  • Come to the park.
  • Always respect elders.
  • Never speak to me like that again.
  • Everybody look!
  • Relax, everybody.
  • Nobody move!
  • You keep out of this!


Exclamatory sentence

Such sentences are used to express strong emotions.

These are sudden and strong emotions, there has been an expression of a sudden feeling in the mind.

These types of sentences end with an exclamation mark (!).

For example,

  • What a shame!
  • Wow, he just won a gold medal!
  • What a liar he is!
  • My god!
  • Wow!
  • How lovely to see you!


you can read this article: What is noun? and Types of Noun


Mini Quiz

The earth is round.

Don't eat too much.

Why are you sad?

How old are you?

Wow, he just won a gold medal!

What a shame!

I am very happy now!

Where did he go?

The Sun rises in the east

The sun set in the west.



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